Welcome to the research group on clusters and nanostructures!
Our main field of research is the investigation of clusters, i.e. of particles as small as only a few nanometers, or even less. Such small particles are benchmark systems for nanostructured materials and offer the unique chance to explore the development of many-body phenomena in finite quantum systems. We study the properties of free atomic clusters and complexes embedded in ultracold helium droplets, with a special focus on the interaction between light and matter, ranging from electron emission up to ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in nanoplasmas. Read more...
Nachruf auf Prof. Dr. Gustav Gerber
Am 16.09.2018 verstarb mit Professor Dr. Gustav Gerber einer der Pioniere der Ultrakurzzeitphysik an Molekülen und Clustern. Zur Durchführung der Experimente nutzte er die gerade mit dem Nobelpreis für Physik ausgezeichnete "chirped-pulsed-amplification" (CPA) Technik, die es erlaubt Femtosekundenpulse hoher Intensität zu erzeugen. Unter anderem wurde er für seine Arbeiten mit dem Philip-Morris-Forschungspreis für die Steuerung chemischer Reaktionen durch Femtosekunden-Laserpulse ausgezeichnet. Von 1996 bis 2001 war er Initiator und Sprecher des DFG-Schwerpunktprogramms „Femtosekunden-Spektroskopie elementarer Anregungen in Atomen, Molekülen und Clustern“, an dem auch unsere Arbeitsgruppe "Cluster und Nanostrukturen" beteiligt war. Gustav Gerber war Gast des Sonderforschungsbereich 652 und hat uns tatkrätig in unserer Forschung zur Starkfelddynamik von Clustern unterstützt.
Highly charged Rydberg ions from the Coulomb explosion of clusters
Ion emission from a nanoplasma produced in the interaction of intense optical laser pulses with argon clusters is studied resolving simultaneously charge states and recoil energies. By applying appropriate static electric fields we observe that a significant fraction of the ions Arq+ ( q = 1 − 7 ) have electrons with binding energies lower than 150 meV, i.e. nRyd ≥ 15 levels are populated. Charge state changes observed on a μs time scale can be attributed to electron emission due to autoionizing Rydberg states, indicating that high- ℓ Rydberg levels are populated as well. The experiments support theoretical predictions that a significant fraction of delocalized electrons, which are bound with hundreds of eV to the nanoplasma after the laser exposure, fill up meV bound ion states in the adiabatic expansion. We expect the process to be relevant for the long-term evolution of expanding laser-induced dense plasmas in general.
Nanoplasmonic electron acceleration by attosecond-controlled forward rescattering in silver clusters
In the strong-field photoemission from atoms, molecules, and surfaces, the fastest electrons emerge from tunneling and subsequent field-driven recollision, followed by elastic backscattering. This rescattering picture is central to attosecond science and enables control of the electron’s trajectory via the sub-cycle evolution of the laser electric field. Here we reveal a so far unexplored route for waveform-controlled electron acceleration emerging from forward rescattering in resonant plasmonic systems. We studied plasmon-enhanced photoemission from silver clusters and found that the directional acceleration can be controlled up to high kinetic energy with the relative phase of a two-color laser field. Our analysis reveals that the cluster’s plasmonic near-field establishes a sub-cycle directional gate that enables the selective acceleration. The identified generic mechanism offers robust attosecond control of the electron acceleration at plasmonic nanostructures, opening perspectives for laser-based sources of attosecond electron pulses.
High performance charge-state resolving ion energy analyzer optimized for intense laser studies on low-density cluster targets
We report on a versatile ion analyzer which is capable to resolve ion charge states and energies with a resolution of E/ΔE = 100 at 75 keV/nucleon. Charge states are identified by their characteristic deflection in a magnetic field, whereas the ion energies are independently determined by a time-of-flight measurement. To monitor the signals a delay-line detector is used which records ion impact positions and times in each laser shot. Compared to conventional Thomson parabola spectrometers our instrument provides a low background measurement, hence a superior dynamic range. Further features are an improved energy resolution and a significantly increased transmission. We demonstrate the performance by showing charge-state resolved ion energy spectra from the Coulomb explosion of a low-density target, i.e., silver clusters exposed to intense femtosecond laser pulses.